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YTWL Lower Back Workout

YTWL: 1 of 8
(Image credit: Unknown)

This exercise is part of former elite-level Olympic weightlifter turned coach Mike Causer's mobility and posture series, Little Weights, Big Gains.

YTWL may look like a strange acronym but think more along the lines of the "YMCA" dance – your arms will form the shape of the letters Y, T, W and L.

For this exercise you'll do ten reps each of the four different moves. You don’t put the weights down until all 40 reps are completed. Begin each new move lying face down on an incline bench, keeping your feet on the floor for support. Only your arm position changes. Hold the position at the top of each move for one second before lowering and aim for a slow and steady tempo.

Causer says, "Working your back through a range of mobility will develop lower trap and rhomboid strength. It’s great for all those muscles that help with posture."

Sets: 2  Reps: 10

YTWL part 1: Y

YTWL: your body forms a "Y" shape

(Image credit: Glen Burrows)
  • Retract your shoulder blades but keep your neck neutral and hold the weights with a neutral grip (palms facing in).
  • Keeping your arms straight, raise the weights diagonally out in front of you, as if making a ‘Y’ shape.  Repeat for 10 reps.

YTWL part 2: T

YTWL: T: your body forms a 'T' shape

(Image credit: Glen Burrows)
  • With arms straight down, hold the dumbbells with palms facing forwards.
  • Bring your arms up until they are parallel with the floor, so your body makes a ‘T’ shape. Repeat for 10 reps.

YTWL part 3: W

YTWL: your arms form a 'W' shape

(Image credit: Glen Burrows)
  • Hold the weights with a neutral grip and arms bent.
  • Raise and twist your arms so, with your head, they form a ‘W’ shape. Repeat for 10 reps.

YTWL part 3: L

YTWL L: your arms each form an 'L' shape

(Image credit: Glen Burrows)
  • With your upper arms pointing out and parallel with the floor, but your forearms pointing down, hold the weights with a neutral grip.
  • Rotate your shoulders so your elbows stay in the same place and bring the weights up as far as you can, forming an ‘L’ shape with each arm. Repeat for 10 reps.

Sam Rider is an experienced freelance journalist, specialising in health, fitness and wellness. For over a decade he's reported on Olympic Games, CrossFit Games and World Cups, and quizzed luminaries of elite sport, nutrition and strength and conditioning. Sam is also a REPS level 3 qualified personal trainer, online coach and founder of Your Daily Fix (opens in new tab). Sam is also Coach’s designated reviewer of massage guns and fitness mirrors.